Beranda > Delphi > How to control Windows services

How to control Windows services

unit cwinsrvc;

interface

function ServiceGetStrCode(nID : integer) : string;

function ServiceGetStatus(sMachine,
sService : string) : DWord;

function ServiceRunning(sMachine,
sService : string) : boolean;

function ServiceStopped(sMachine,
sService : string) : boolean;

function ServiceStart(sMachine,
sService : string) : boolean;

function ServiceStop(sMachine,
sService : string) : boolean;

implementation uses Windows, SysUtils, WinSvc;

// convert status codes returned by
// ServiceGetStatus() to string values

function ServiceGetStrCode(nID : integer) : string;
var
s : string;
begin
case nID of
SERVICE_STOPPED          : s := 'STOPPED';
SERVICE_RUNNING          : s := 'RUNNING';
SERVICE_PAUSED           : s := 'PAUSED';
SERVICE_START_PENDING    : s := 'START/PENDING';
SERVICE_STOP_PENDING     : s := 'STOP/PENDING';
SERVICE_CONTINUE_PENDING : s := 'CONTINUE/PENDING';
SERVICE_PAUSE_PENDING    : s := 'PAUSE/PENDING';
else
s := 'UNKNOWN';
end;
Result := s;
end;

// return status code if successful, -1 if not
// return codes:
//   SERVICE_STOPPED
//   SERVICE_RUNNING
//   SERVICE_PAUSED

// following return codes are used to indicate that the // service is in the middle of getting to one
// of the above states:
//   SERVICE_START_PENDING
//   SERVICE_STOP_PENDING
//   SERVICE_CONTINUE_PENDING
//   SERVICE_PAUSE_PENDING

// sMachine:
//   machine name, ie: \\SERVER
//   empty = local machine

// sService
//   service name, ie: Alerter

function ServiceGetStatus(sMachine,
sService : string) : DWord;
var
schm
: SC_Handle; //service control manager handle
schs   : SC_Handle;      // service handle
ss     : TServiceStatus; // service status
dwStat : DWord;          // current service status
begin
dwStat := -1;
// connect to the service control manager
schm := OpenSCManager( PChar(sMachine), Nil,
SC_MANAGER_CONNECT);
// if successful...
if(schm > 0)then
begin
// open a handle to the specified service
// we want to query service status
schs := OpenService( schm, PChar(sService),
SERVICE_QUERY_STATUS);
// if successful...
if(schs > 0)then
begin
// retrieve the current status
//of the specified service
if (QueryServiceStatus( schs, ss)) then
begin
dwStat := ss.dwCurrentState;
end;
// close service handle
CloseServiceHandle(schs);
end;
// close service control manager handle
CloseServiceHandle(schm);
end;
Result := dwStat;
end;

// Return TRUE if the specified service is running,
// defined by the status code SERVICE_RUNNING. Return
// FALSE if the service is in any other state,
// including any pending states

function ServiceRunning(sMachine,
sService : string) : boolean;
begin
Result := SERVICE_RUNNING =
ServiceGetStatus(sMachine, sService);
end;

// Return TRUE if the specified service was stopped,
// defined by the status code SERVICE_STOPPED.

function ServiceStopped(sMachine,
sService : string) : boolean;
begin
Result := SERVICE_STOPPED =
ServiceGetStatus(sMachine, sService);
end;

// Return TRUE if successful
function ServiceStart(sMachine,
sService : string) : boolean;
var
schm,
schs   : SC_Handle;
ss     : TServiceStatus;
psTemp : PChar;
dwChkP : DWord; // check point
begin
ss.dwCurrentState := -1;
// connect to the service control manager
schm := OpenSCManager(PChar(sMachine), nil,
SC_MANAGER_CONNECT);
// if successful...
if(schm > 0)then
begin
// open a handle to the specified service
// we want to start the service and query service
// status
schs := OpenService(schm, PChar(sService),
SERVICE_START or SERVICE_QUERY_STATUS);
// if successful...
if(schs > 0)then
begin
psTemp := Nil;
if(StartService( schs, 0,psTemp))then
begin
// check status
if(QueryServiceStatus(schs, ss))then
begin
while(SERVICE_RUNNING <> ss.dwCurrentState)do
begin
// dwCheckPoint contains a value that the
// service increments periodically to
// report its progress during a
// lengthy operation. Save current value
dwChkP := ss.dwCheckPoint;
// wait a bit before checking status again
// dwWaitHint is the estimated amount of
// time the calling program should wait
// before calling QueryServiceStatus()
// again. Idle events should be
// handled here...
Sleep(ss.dwWaitHint);
if not QueryServiceStatus(schs, ss) then
begin
// couldn't check status break from the
// loop
break;
end;

if ss.dwCheckPoint < dwChkP then
begin
// QueryServiceStatus didn't increment
// dwCheckPoint as it should have.
// Avoid an infinite loop by breaking
break;
end;
end;
end;
end;
// close service handle
CloseServiceHandle(schs);
end;
// close service control manager handle
CloseServiceHandle(schm);
end;
// Return TRUE if the service status is running
Result := SERVICE_RUNNING = ss.dwCurrentState;
end;

// Return TRUE if successful
function ServiceStop(sMachine,
sService : string) : boolean;
var
schm,
schs   : SC_Handle;
ss     : TServiceStatus;
dwChkP : DWord;
begin
// connect to the service control manager
schm := OpenSCManager(PChar(sMachine), nil,
SC_MANAGER_CONNECT);
// if successful...
if schm > 0 then
begin
// open a handle to the specified service
// we want to stop the service and
// query service status
schs := OpenService( schm, PChar(sService),
SERVICE_STOP or SERVICE_QUERY_STATUS);
// if successful...
if schs > 0 then
begin
if ControlService(schs, SERVICE_CONTROL_STOP,
ss) then
begin
// check status
if(QueryServiceStatus(schs, ss))then
begin
while(SERVICE_STOPPED <> ss.dwCurrentState)do
begin
// dwCheckPoint contains a value that the
// service increments periodically to
// report its progress during a lengthy
// operation. Save current value
dwChkP := ss.dwCheckPoint;
// Wait a bit before checking status again.
// dwWaitHint is the estimated amount of
// time the calling program should wait
// before calling QueryServiceStatus()
// again. Idle events should be
// handled here...
Sleep(ss.dwWaitHint);

if(not QueryServiceStatus(schs,ss))then
begin
// couldn't check status
// break from the loop
break;
end;

if(ss.dwCheckPoint <
dwChkP)then
begin
// QueryServiceStatus didn't increment
// dwCheckPoint as it should have.
// Avoid an infinite loop by breaking
break;
end;
end;
end;
end;

// close service handle
CloseServiceHandle(schs);
end;

// close service control manager handle
CloseServiceHandle(schm);
end;

// return TRUE if the service status is stopped
Result := SERVICE_STOPPED = ss.dwCurrentState;
end;

end.

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